19. Starting and Stopping Oracle Database

This chapter covers how to start up and shut down Oracle Database using python-oracledb.


Database start up and shut down functionality is only supported in the python-oracledb Thick mode. See Enabling python-oracledb Thick mode.

19.1. Starting Oracle Database Up

Python-oracledb can start up a database instance. A privileged connection is required. This example shows a script that could be run as the ‘oracle’ operating system user who administers a local database installation on Linux. It assumes that the environment variable ORACLE_SID has been set to the SID of the database that should be started:

# the connection must be in PRELIM_AUTH mode to perform startup
connection = oracledb.connect(mode=oracledb.SYSDBA | oracledb.PRELIM_AUTH)

# the following statements must be issued in normal SYSDBA mode
connection = oracledb.connect(mode=oracledb.SYSDBA, encoding="UTF-8")
cursor = connection.cursor()
cursor.execute("alter database mount")
cursor.execute("alter database open")

To start up a remote database, you may need to configure the Oracle Net listener to use static service registration by adding a SID_LIST_LISTENER entry to the database listener.ora file.

19.2. Shutting Oracle Database Down

Python-oracledb has the ability to shut down the database using a privileged connection. This example also assumes that the environment variable ORACLE_SID has been set:

# need to connect as SYSDBA or SYSOPER
connection = oracledb.connect(mode=oracledb.SYSDBA)

# first shutdown() call must specify the mode, if DBSHUTDOWN_ABORT is used,
# there is no need for any of the other steps

# now close and dismount the database
cursor = connection.cursor()
cursor.execute("alter database close normal")
cursor.execute("alter database dismount")

# perform the final shutdown call